Our day-to-day lives seem pretty routine sometimes. Going to work, going to school, watching TV and sleeping, day in and day out. Nothing out of the ordinary ever seems to happen. Well, if you’re looking for something to shake up your routine, check out these five real-life horror movie scenarios that could potentially end us all tomorrow. Or, well, today, for that matter.
A Supervolcano Eruption
Rescue workers seach for survivors in the ash after Japan’s 2014 Mount Ontake eruption
Volcanic eruptions are categorized on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) scale that goes from 0-8, with zero being non-explosive, to eight, which is a “mega-colossal” eruption. The last level eight supervolcano eruption was Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia, and according to geologists, happened about 75,000 years ago. This eruption caused a global volcanic winter for a decade, and coincided with the onset of the last glacial period, where the earth’s temperature fell to about 35 degrees F, and remained this way for the next 1,000 years.
Estimated ash cloud spread from a modern-day Yellowstone Caldera supervolcano eruption
There are six active supervolcanoes the world today, The most worrisome is the Yellowstone Caldera in Yellowstone National Park. So what would happen if the Yellowstone supervolcano erupted today? According to geologists, the magma shouldn’t flow much farther then the park boundaries, however it is the ash and debris propelled into the atmosphere that would be the problem. The ash and sulfur dioxide cloud would cover the United States and parts of Canada, and could take up to a decade to dissipate. This would cause a change in rainfall patters, cause severe frosts, and induce famines. This occurred in 1816, after Mount Tambora’s volcanic eruption, and was called “The Year Without A Summer.”Mount Tambora was rated as a 7 on the VEI scale, and the entire global climate was affected due to its eruption. The ash and sulfur in the atmosphere killed crops, thus induced famine, global dimming from the ash cloud caused frost and an extreme drop in temperature, which caused illness and the inability to farm. Thousands died due the severe changes.
Although a supervolcano would not wipe out the entire world, (reports and movies exaggerate this) it could devastate North America for years to come.
Asteroids hit the earth a few times a year. But what would happen if an extremely large, unavoidable moon-sized asteroid was coming? We have seen the devastation an event like this would cause demonstrated in many movies, such as Armageddon, and Deep Impact. Most likely, it would kill a lot of people and cause worldwide panic. In 2013 there was the meteor impact in Chelyabinsk, Russia, which was the most destructive asteroid impact in our in modern times. The 49 foot asteroid entered the atmosphere, broke into pieces and crashed down around Russia, leaving one 26 foot crater in the ice. Its impact in an urban area caused millions of dollars worth of property damage and resulted in more than 1,000 documented injuries. In 1908, The Tunguska event was an explosion over a sparsely populated Siberian forest, and it flattened over 770 square miles of trees. It is known as an impact event, however no crater was found. The meteor, estimated to have been somewhere between 200 and 600 feet wide, is thought to have disintegrated about 3-6 miles off the ground. It produced about 185 times more energy than the Hiroshima atomic bomb (with some estimates coming in even higher). Seismic rumbles were even observed as far away as the UK. This was this biggest impact event of all time, however, no one was injured.
Insurance Quotes put together this chart of what it would really look like if there was such an event in New York City:
Along the same vein, what would happen if an asteroid hit the moon? Meteors hit the moon often, creating new craters. It would take a moon-sized asteroid to destroy the moon or knock it out of orbit. If this happened, it could send chunks of the moon hurtling toward Earth, which would be a problem. It would also threaten life on earth with disruptions to the ocean tides. Fortunately, we haven’t seen an asteroid that large, yet.
A Gamma Ray Burst
Gamma Ray Bursts are brief, intense explosions of light that for a moment, give off as much energy as the sun has given off in its entire lifetime. Some scientists believe that gamma ray bursts may have been the cause of extinction of life on earth in the past. If a gamma-ray burst exploded inside our galaxy while pointing at earth, it could do extreme damage, even from thousands of light-years away. Although gamma rays would not penetrate Earth’s atmosphere well enough to burn us, the rays would damage the ozone layer, which protects us from dangerous ultraviolet rays. Without the ozone layer protecting us, we could easily be killed by the hazardous UV rays. It’s also possible that gamma-ray bursts may produce cosmic rays, which create an experience similar to a nuclear explosion, causing radiation sickness to those on earth exposed. There is no way to predict or prevent these bursts, so lets just hope they don’t happen.
Spontaneous Human Combustion
The remains of a woman after she mysteriously caught fire and died in her home
Spontaneous Human Combustion refers to the death of a person by a fire which has no origin, and is believed to begin within the individual. This phrase was recently coined, however people have been talking about this since even the 1800s, and it is popular in works of fiction and in movies. How and why spontaneous combustion happens is still a mystery. The burning often seems to begin in the chest or stomach, and often leaves the furniture, floors, and clothes of the victims mysteriously unburned. In the past, this was said to be an “Act of God,” as there was no reasonable explanation for it. Only about a dozen real-life cases of spontaneous combustion have been investigated, and it is still an unexplainable event.
A Huge Storm
In 1362, there was a storm so big, they called it ” Grote Mandrenke” which means, “The Great Drowning of Men” (much cooler than “Hurricane Cindy.”) The windstorm decimated the British Isles, the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark. The coinciding storm in the North Sea broke up islands, swept part of the mainland out to sea, and pushed water so far inland it forever changed the shape of the shoreline. Entire cities, like the port hub of Rungholt were wiped off the map forever. The storm is estimated to have killed anywhere between 25,000 and 100,000 people.
We can do nothing to prevent these storms. For example, check out the 1958 Lituya Bay Megatsunami. This was the highest wave ever recorded, with a wake at 98 feet. Its splash removed trees up to 1,720 feet and forever altered the landscape in the Gulf of Alaska. This was in an isolated part of Alaska, so there were only two fatalities. However, what if this megatsunami, had happened in the Gulf of Mexico instead, or New York Harbor? We are completely at the mercy of the universe.
A graph showing the estimated height of the Lituya Bay megatsunami compared to well-known skyscrapers.
Sometimes we get too caught up in the routine of life. Maybe knowing that there are things that we cannot control in life makes life worth living. What do you think? What are some things that you believe could end us all tomorrow
There is something that captivates us about natural disasters. Is it the power nature holds, or perhaps the intrigue? The elements that sit with such beauty every day of our lives, such as the sea, the mountains, and the snow, also carry the potential to destroy us. They are one of the only things in the world that we can never control and hardly predict. We all have studied some of the most well-known natural disasters in history, such as the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, Hurricane Katrina, and The Black Plague. Lets take a look at 15 other astonishing acts of #nature that are less well known.
1958 Lituya Bay Megatsunami
On the night of July 9, 1958, an 7.7 magnitude earthquake was recorded along the Fairweather Fault in Alaska. The earthquake triggered a rockfall at Lituya Bay, and about 40 million yards of rock plunged 3000 feet down into the waters of Gilbert Inlet, generating a local tsunami. The wave that traveled across the bay following the rockfall was reported to be 98 feet high at the crest. The wave crashed against the southwest shoreline of Gilbert Inlet, and swept completely over the land that separates Gilbert Inlet from the main body of Lituya Bay. The wave then continued down the entire length of Lituya Bay, over La Chaussee Spit and into the Gulf of Alaska. The wave removed all trees and plants from the land, even as high up as 1720 feet above sea level. Millions of trees were uprooted and swept into the Gulf of Alaska. This is the highest wave that has ever been recorded.
“The wave definitely started in Gilbert Inlet, just before the end of the quake. It was not a wave at first. It was like an explosion..” – Howard Ulrich, Survivor
1815 Tambora Eruption
1816 was often called “The year without a summer.” This was due to the largest and most deadly volcano eruption in 10,000 years, which happened in April of 1815, Mt. Tambora in Indonesia. Tambora erupted and spewed 12 cubic miles of gases, dust and rock into the atmosphere and onto the islands in the surrounding area. Rivers of ash and magma poured down the mountain, burning grasslands, forests and homes, sending tsunamis racing across the Java sea in every direction. Debris from the volcano clouded the atmosphere and affected the entire planet for months, contributing to crop failure in North America and illnesses in Europe. The eruption killed more than 100,000 people, directly: through tsunamis, magma, and ash, and indirectly: through famine, illness and severe weather changes, which people were unprepared for. Floating islands of pumice up to 3 miles long were observed in April 1815, and many years after the eruption these islands still hindered travel.
1707 Hōei Earthquake
The 8.6 magnitude Hoei Earthquake struck Japan on October 28th, 1707. It was the biggest recorded earthquake in Japan’s history until 2011. This earthquake caused severe damaged, and ruptured all the segments of the Nankai megathrust simultaneously; the only earthquake in history that has done this. There was a following landslide and destructive tsunami, about 30 feet high, which resulted in 5,000 casualties. The earthquake may also have been responsible for the last eruption of Mt. Fuji, which happened only 49 days later.
1931 China Floods
Known as the one of the greatest natural disasters ever recorded, the China Floods estimated a death toll range between 145,000 and 4 million people in 1931. In this year, three of China’s biggest rivers: The Yellow, The Yangtze, and The Huai all flooded. The flooding was due partly to weather conditions: heavy rains and unexpected snow, as well as seven cyclones. The lands next to the rivers were also overused due to farming, with dams built incorrectly and forests and wetlands that are naturally used to control the river destroyed. When the unexpected weather of 1931 happened, the rivers overflowed and dams broke and waters flooded central China. 100,000 people were killed in immediate floods, but the floods also killed crops, destroyed storage facilities, homes, and roads, leaving survivors without shelter, food or aid. Many starved to death, with the inability to find food or plant crops, and disease swept through communities with no aid or shelter.
1871 Peshtigo Fire
The Peshtigo Fire was the deadliest wildfire in recorded history, which happened on October 8th, 1871. The fire was in Peshtigo, Wisconsin, and burned over 1,200,000 acres, with anywhere between 1,000 and 2,500 casualties. Unfortunately, this happened on the same day as the Great Chicago fire, so it is largely forgotten. On the same day as the Peshtigo and Chicago fire, there were also fires in Holland and Manistee, Michigan, and Port Huron, Michigan, which makes some historians believe the fires were all connected.
1970 Peruvian Earthquake
On May 23rd, 1970, an 8.0 magnitude undersea earthquake occurred off the coast of Lima, Peru, lasting 45 seconds. The earthquake did immense damage to buildings, roads and bridges, however, it was the avalanche that came next that had the most devastating effects. The earthquake had destabilized Mount Huascarán, causing over 300 million cubic feet of rock, ice and snow to break away and tear down its slope at more than 120 miles per hour, towards the cities of Yungay. It picked up more rock, snow and debris as it thundered down the hill, and by the time it reached the valley only three minutes later, it was a 3,000 foot-wide wave of ice, mud, and rocks. Within moments, the town of Yungay and its 25,000 inhabitants were crushed beneath the landslide. The smaller village of Ranrahirca was buried as well, making this the most devastating natural disaster in Peru’s history.
1755 Great Lisbon Earthquake, Fire and Tsunami
On All Saints Day, November 1st, 1755, There was an 8.5-9.0 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Portugal. The effects of the earthquake were felt down into North Africa, up into Switzerland, Italy and France.The town that was most effected was Lisbon. The initial destruction from the earthquake was beyond description, where the great cathedrals, all full of worshipers on the sacred holiday, collapsed, killing thousands. The exquisite buildings along the Tagus disappeared into the river. Several fires broke out immediately following the earthquake, from candles and cooking fires. Within minutes the fires had spread, turning Lisbon into an inferno. Two thirds of the city was destroyed by the fire which raged for five days. Following the earthquake and fire, an enormous tsunami swept through the harbor and downtown area, rushing up the Tagus river. Many people died from wandering out into the ocean while the tide pulled back to look at the shipwrecks and lost cargo, not knowing that a tsunami is usually two or three waves, not only one. The three tsunami waves struck various towns along the west coast of Portugal, and damaged towns in Spain, Moroccco and Tangier, as well as many islands. In the city of Agadir, the waters passed over the walls of the city, killing many inhabitants. The tsunami took just over four hours to travel over 1000 miles to the United Kingdom. Galway, on the west coast of Ireland, was also hit, resulting in partial destruction of the “Spanish Arch” section of the city wall. This event was one of the most destructive natural disasters in history, killing more than a third of the entire population of Lisbon. Tens of thousands of Portuguese who survived the earthquake were killed by the tsunami triggered by the earthquake. The tsunami was accountable for about 70,000 deaths in Portugal, Spain and Morocco.
1925 Tri-State Tornado
The Tri-State Tornado was the deadliest tornado in US history, occurring on March 18th, 1925. This was part of a deadly “tornado outbreak” which occurs when several tornadoes happen at the same time. The Tri-State Tornado was an F-5 tornado, and lasted for 3-1/2 hours, traveling through three states, Illinois, Indiana and Missouri before dissipating. There were 700 fatalities, and 15,000 buildings destroyed. Winds around it averaged 300 miles an hour, and the tornado traveled with an average speed of 65 miles-per-hour, with anywhere between a 3600 feet and mile-wide path of destruction.
1986 Lake Nyos Disaster
On August 21st, 1986, Lake Nyos in Cameroon erupted in what’s known as a limnic eruption, sending a fountain of carbon dioxide and water over 300 feet into the air and creating a small tsunami. Hundreds of thousands of tons of carbon dioxide flowed down the mountain into the surrounding towns, suffocating over 1700 people and 3500 animals up to 15 miles away. It is still unknown what caused this.
1556 Shaanxi Earthquake
What has been called the deadliest earthquake on record occurred on January 23rd, 1556. A 520 mile area in China was destroyed, killing over 800,000 people, many being crushed by their homes, which were at that time primarily stone caves. Over 60% of the population of two provinces were killed. Crevasses as deep as 60 feet opened up in the earth, paths of rivers were altered which led to flooding, mountains were leveled and fires started from candles and cooking fires, which raged for days. Following this earthquake, stone buildings were abandoned, and buildings made of wood and bamboo became popular housing, as they were more flexible and made from more earthquake resistant material.
1972 Iran Blizzard
Iran’s Blizzard in February 1972 is known as the most deadly blizzard in history. Between February 3rd and February 9th, over 10 feet of snow was dropped on rural areas in Northwest and Central Iran. Southern Iran received no less than 26 feet of snow, killing over 4,000 people. Small outlying villages were the hardest hit, wiping 200 small villages completely off the map.
1792 Unzen Earthquake And Megatsunami
The Unzen earthquake, landslide and tsunami first began with volcanic activity on Mt. Unzen, on May 21st, 1792. There were first two earthquakes that came from the volcano. The earthquakes triggered a tremendous landslide, as the eastern flank of Mount Unzen’s Mayuyama dome collapsed. The landslide swept through the city of Shimbara into Ariake Bay, triggering a great tsunami, with a wave between 33–66 feet tall. The tsunami struck Higo Province on the other side of Ariake Bay before bouncing back and hitting Shimabara again. There were an estimated 15,000 deaths, around 5,000 are estimated to have perished in the landslide, around 5,000 by the tsunami across the bay in Higo Province, and 5,000 by the tsunami returning to strike Shimabara.
1868 Arica Earthquake
The Arica earthquake happened on August 13th, 1864, in Arica, Peru (now part of Chile). It was estimated to be an 8.5 or 9.0 magnitude earthquake, and multiple tsunamis were reported due to the earthquake, in Japan, New Zealand, Hawaii, and Australia. The earthquake devastated Southern Peru, and drove three ships in the harbor almost half a mile inland. There were over 25,000 reported casualties overall.
1977 Andhra Pradesh Cyclone
The Andhra Pradesh cyclone formed on November 11th, 1977, and was known as India’s first super cyclonic storm. The island of Diviseema, was hit by a 19 foot high storm surge, which instantly killed thousands, and left bodies floating in the water along with the debris. Landslides ripped off the railway lines in the Waltair-Kirandal route, and crops were wiped out by tsunamis. Thirteen ships went missing in the storm. About 100 villages left without aid, or were completely washed away by the cyclonic storms and the ensuing floods. A total of 10,841 people were reported killed or missing, however According to the Janata party, at least 50,000 people were believed to have been killed by the storm, substantially higher than reported by the government. In the wake of the disaster, officials in India were accused of covering up the scale of damage and loss of life and claimed that the cover up was to hide criminal negligence which resulted in tens of thousands of fatalities. Following these accusations, five high-ranking government officials resigned from their positions.
1999 Vargas Tragedy
On December 15, 1999, The Vargs state of Venezuela was struck with torrential rainstorms, flash flooding and mudslides, which killed 10,000 people. The unusually wet December poured 36 inches of rain in just a few days, which triggering soil instability and debris flow. The neighborhood of Los Corales was buried under nine feet of mud, and countless homes were simply swept away to the ocean. Whole towns like Cerro Grande and Carmen de Uria completely disappeared. Ten percent of the population of the Vargas state perished during this event.
The #power of nature is captivating. As modern society advances, we feel as we control more and more every day. Perhaps having an element in our lives that we cannot control will give us more purpose and meaning to our lives, and keep us balanced. No matter how hard we try to control everything, nature is one thing that is always bigger than us.
There are few things in life that inspire us as much as a good mystery. That’s why phrases like “lost city”, “buried treasure” and “vanished” are so enticing. They keep us wondering, knee deep in childlike inquiries. Legends and myths, such as Atlantis, Pompeii and El Dorado, cities that slipped into the sea or were devoured by volcanoes, fill us with questions. What were the cities like before? What would they look like if we found them now? Are the legends true? Germany has one such myth: the city called Rungholt.
According to legends, Rungholt was a bustling port city, trading in agriculture, cattle, and amber. Ships were coming out and in daily, ferrying goods from the city to other parts the world. Merchants sold fresh fish, nets, and oysters on the bustling boardwalk, while taverns, brothels, street musicians, temples and inns were abundant downtown, hosting all types of weary travelers, soldiers, and traders. Located in the North Frisian coastal range, Rungholt was a hub for commerce and trade. It is said to have had between 1,000 and 3,000 permanent citizens. The people in Rungholt did well for themselves. The port made the city wealthy, and there was enough income, guests, and amusement to keep the town lively. Everything was right in the world.
“around the hour of vespers on that day, dreadful storms and whirlwinds such as never been seen or heard before occurred in England, causing houses and buildings for the most part to come crashing to the ground, while some others, having had their roofs blown off by the force of the winds, were left in the ruined state; and fruit trees in gardens and other places, along with other trees standing in the woods and elsewhere, were wrenched from the earth by their roots with a great crash, as if the Day of Judgement were at hand, and fear and trembling gripped the people of England to such an extent that no one knew where he could safely hide, for church towers, windmills, and many dwelling-houses collapsed to the ground.”
An immense storm on the North Sea swept far inland, greatly changing the shape of coastlines, and rearranging islands. The water came so far in, it completely redesigned the shoreline, flinging mainland out to sea, creating new land masses, and erasing islands, towns and districts off the map. Rungholt, the port city, and all of its inhabitants, were swallowed by the sea, never to be heard from again. This storm, “the great drowning of men” is estimated to have killed at least 25,000 people in one night.
This Rungholt legend has entranced people for decades, sometimes even being called “The Atlantis of the North Sea.” It was written about in the ballad “Trutz, Blankenhans“, in 1882, by the poet Detlev von Liliencron:
Over the centuries the legends around Rungholt have grown. It is said now that the downfall of the city was a punishment of God for their sinful choices and disrespectful life towards the Church. The wealth of the city has also gotten more and more extravagant as the story has grown, as has the size of the city. Some say it is a ghost city, and during the times when the tempests are appeased in the North Sea, it is possible to hear the bells of the church rise up from beneath the waves. While research has yielded actual insights into the existence of this mystical place since the last century, the legend continues to exist today in movies, novels, and songs.
Scientist and Archaeologist have tried to reconstruct the existence of Rungholt based on some less-than-concrete evidence. In 1636, a cartographer named Johannes Meyer made a map featuring Rungholt, however, he had not seen this fabled city, he had only only referenced another map, from 1240. An agreement between two traders from Rungholt and Hamburg was also found, dated 1361. There were also several artifacts pulled from the Wadden Sea between Between 1880 and 1940, including bricks, swords, pottery, bones, and even a skull. It is believed these are connected to the lost city from so many years ago.
These and other indications, such as wells and a lock discovered in the Wadden sea, suggest to the investigators that Rungholt was a real city, and a thriving port up until the storm of 1392, however, the legend of Germanic Atlantis survives. There is not enough concrete evidence to verify scientifically the existence of this mysterious city; At the same time, the existing indications are signs that it is not just a local legend. For now, Rungholt remains a true mystery.
Impulse buying can affect us all. We live in an instant gratification society, and there are advertisements on TV, in stores, even ads custom tailored after our internet searches on our iPhones and tablets. Retailers are quite aware of the enticement to impulse shop, hence the shiny aisle cap displays, and magazines and assorted goods available last minute at the register. We don’t need them, but somehow that extra Snickers and TIME makes it into the shopping bag.
So, how do we escape, when the temptation to buy is everywhere? Here are a few lifehacks that helped me escape the impulse buying trap!
Take Your Time
Did you see the new and exciting product on the internet, TV or billboard on the drive home? Don’t order it immediately, just wait! Simply putting off a purchase for a few days can help you work out if you really need it. Sales tactics such as “doorbusters” and “limited stock available” can create a sense of urgency, and a push to buy immediately both in the store and online. This is especially prominent in commission-based retailers, such as car dealerships and large electronic stores. We all have heard, “Buy now, it could be gone tomorrow!” It is better to walk away then to feel forced to purchase something you didn’t want, with money you needed to spend on something more important.
Buy What You Need
Always have a list when you shop, and stick to it! Many stores sell in bulk, such as Costco. Buying in bulk can sometimes be cheaper, however if you decide to buy in large quantities, you can often wind up with more than you need. Only take advantage of bulk deals if you know that you’ll use it all.
Some sales, such as “buy one get one free” can be great, if you needed two of that item! However, sales such as “buy one get one half off” can have you spending more money than necessary if you end up buying two of the same product just to get the sale price. It’s not a sale if you didn’t need it! According to Betabit, 88% of impulse purchases are made because the customer feels like the deal is just too great to pass up. Don’t jump at a great offer if it is something you have no need for!
Be Mindful Of Your Finances
Ask yourself the important questions: Do I need this right now? Could I find a better deal on this somewhere else? How is my savings account doing this month? Is this in my budget? Would I buy this if it wasn’t on sale or display?
Do The Right Research
Always do your homework before making a big purchase such as a TV, computer or vehicle. Do you need all the features of the brand new model, or will last year’s model do just fine? Is there anything about the more expensive choice that makes it perform better, or will the lower cost option work just the same? Consumer Reports and Amazonare great places to stop in and check reviews before buying, to make sure you make an educated decision about your purchase.
Choose Your Shopping Companions Carefully
Only shop with people you know will tell you the truth, and won’t pressure you into buying. Remember, not everyone is on the same budget as you, and they aren’t in charge of managing your finances. Don’t shop with someone you know is a bad influence on your spending habits. Instead, choose someone who will ask the right questions such as “Is this something you know you will wear?”
Shop With A Plan And A Purpose
Don’t shop when your emotions are clouded. According to Psychology Today, Studies show people who go shopping without a purpose, or while they’re not in a clear state of mind end up buying things they don’t need and can end up with buyer’s remorse. During 40% of store visits, shoppers make on average three impulse purchases. Usually, impulse shoppers consider buying because they feel bored, angry, guilty or stressed.
Have Some “Splurge” Money
Make sure to set aside a certain amount of money each week or month that’s just for fun! Having some money that you can spend and play with, even if it is a small sum, will make you feel like you have freedom to splurge.
“Impulse buying easily compares to a fad diet. As soon as you start the diet, you desperately crave whatever you can’t have. You don’t want to starve and then binge, either with food or money, so set aside some money for small impulse buys. Fit small impulse buys into your budget as a reward for something you’ve accomplished.” -Hillary Price
The English language can be tough sometimes. After all, this is the great melting pot! We have adopted many different words and phrases from our friends in other countries over the years, and we don’t always use them properly!
Have you ever caught yourself saying “expresso,” or “excetera?”
If so, this list is for you!
1. One In The Same vs. One And The Same
“One in the same” is incorrect. If you are using this phrase to talk about two things that appear to be the exact same, they would be as one. This being said, “One and the same” is correct, and makes much more sense.
2. Acrossed/Acrost vs. Across
It’s easy to get this one confused, wanting to relate the words “crossed” and “acrossed” makes sense. However, “acrossed” is not a word, the correct form of this word is simply “across.”
3. On Accident vs. By Accident
Things happen by accident, not on accident. These prepositions easily get mixed up, but “By accident” makes more sense, and is the correct wording for this phrase.
4. Artic vs. Arctic
The “c” sound is often left out in the middle of this word. It should be pronounced “arc-tic,” not “art-ic.”
5. Pacific vs. Specific
These are both functional words, however they have completely different meanings. “Pacific” means “peaceful in intent,” or of course, could be referring to the Pacific Ocean. “Specific” means “clearly defined or identified.” You want to ask someone to be more “specific.” Not more “pacific.” (unless you’d like them to be more peaceful, I suppose.)
6. Bob Wire vs. Barbed Wire
Barbed wire has barbs, it is in no way named after someone named Bob (Or Barb Dwyer for that matter). You should hear that “-d” in the pronunciation.
7. Irregardless vs. Regardless
This word often gets the extra sound added to the front. The word is regardless, not Irregardless. adding “ir” this would make this a double negative.
8. Old Timers Disease vs. Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s disease is often mispronounced, while it is a disease of the elderly, it’s title is derived from the founder’s own name, Dr. Alois Alzheimer, the German neurologist.
9. A Blessing In The Skies vs. A Blessing In Disguise
I understand where this could have come from, like a blessing from God. However, the phrase is a blessing in disguise. Not a blessing in the sky or from the skies.
10. For All Intensive Purposes vs. For All Intents And Purposes
This has nothing to do with intensive care, or being intense. This phrase means “for every practical sense.” “All intensive purposes” does not make sense. Thankfully for writers, this is an error that grammar check will catch!
11. Expecially vs. Especially
The “s” in this is often switched for an “x”. Although things special are rarely expected, these are two different words. The correct word is “especially.”
12. Expresso vs. Espresso
Along with the beverage, this word was borrowed from Italy, where the Latin prefix ex- has developed into es-. This word is often mispronounced with the “ex”, however, it is “espresso.”
13. Excape vs. Escape
Three in a row! Another “x” sneaking in where an “s” should be. The proper is “escape.”
14. Excetera vs. Et Cetera
This is a Latin phrase which means “the rest”, often abbreviated “etc.” It is two words, “Et cetera” not Excetera.
15. Supposebly vs. Supposedly
The word “supposedly” means “allegedly, theoretically or purportedly.” This mispronunciation, “supposebly,” could actually be a word in English, literally meaning “capable of being supposed”. If that is what you want to say, the word is not actually an error!
Do you struggle with any of these mispronunciations? What are some grammar errors that drive you crazy?
We all think that we are going to live forever. I disappeared December 3rd, four days before my 25th birthday. I always said I was a good judge of character. I could read people. That’s what I said. Anybody. Everybody. I was never wrong. But I was wrong about him.